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what is possessive case

What is a possessive pronoun? Follow this rule: For singular nouns, add ’s, even if the noun ends in an ‐s or ‐z sound: dog's, house's, Wes's, Jesus's, Denver's, Keats's. The possessive case applies to nouns, pronouns, and determiners. When you have an ordinary noun like student, you can tell whether the possessive form refers to one student or many students by looking at where the apostrophe is. Sometimes possessives can cause problems. For most plural possessive nouns, add an apostrophe alone: several months' bills, many Romanians' apartments, the encyclopedias' differences. A noun is possessive only when a phrase can be modified to say that an idea or commodity belongs to something or someone. How to Wish Someone Well in 2021. The structure is influenced by the possessor and not the possessed. Hello Everybody, What is the rule for words that end in -ss like duchess, please? Possessive definition is - of, relating to, or constituting a word, a word group, or a grammatical case that denotes ownership or a relation analogous to ownership. Which is correct, Chris’s chair or Chris’ chair? The German genitive case is the case that shows possession and is expressed in English by the possessive "of" or an apostrophe ('s). For such nouns and indefinite pronouns, their possessive form is usually denoted by an apostrophe. Possessive. There are a few different ways to form the possessive of a noun. possessive case - the case expressing ownership genitive, genitive case, possessive oblique, oblique case - any grammatical case other than the nominative attributive genitive, attributive genitive case - a word in the genitive case that is used as an attributive adjective; "an example of the attributive genetive is `John's' in `John's mother'" How to use a possessive apostrophe. The possessive case of nouns is formed with an apostrophe: Keesha's costume, the wolf's fangs. Take a different test on the possessive case. The possessive case is used to show ownership. Possessed noun: DogTheir is in the genitive case to show its relationship to dog. The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. Generally, the Possessive Case is identified by looking for the answer to the question “ Whose? His anger evaporated in the face of her explanation. James’s car or James’ car? Our decision affected their plans. See the examples below for reference: This thick curtain is capable of shutting out the summer. The genitive case refers to the case used for a noun, pronoun, or adjective to show ownership of a noun. A possessive noun is a noun that possesses something—i.e., it has something. This case was called the genitive until the 18th century and (like the genitive case in other languages) in fact expresses much more than possession. Mary’s is the possessive noun showing … Spanish possessive adjectives | spanishdict. Cats look down on us. Possessive nouns are an integral part of learning English, use them as often as you can to gain confidence. The German genitive case is also used with the genitive prepositions and some verb idioms. This is also true when you have a proper noun that’s plural. Nouns have three cases, NOMINATIVE, POSSESSIVE and OBJECTIVE. 1. Do we add another s for the possessive form of a name ending with s? Cases of Nouns: Possessive. Examples of possessive nouns include: Mary’s backpack was red. The possessive case of you is not used with the gerund taking, so the writer ends up making the illogical statement (at least in this context) “I appreciate you.” The point is not that the writer of the sentence appreciates you, per se; instead, the writer appreciates the fact that you took time to discuss the project: I appreciate your taking time to talk with me about the project. What is an example of a possessive adjective? My house is bigger than your house. Actually, both ways are correct. The Nominative Case is that in which a noun is THE SUBJECT OF A VERB. We’ll discuss these ways below. There are a few different ways to form the possessive of a noun. The student’s favorite subject was science. With the addition of ’s (or sometimes just the apostrophe), a noun can change from a simple person, place, or thing to a person, place, or thing that owns something. Do you disagree with something on this page. quote: The Duchess' husband or The Duchess's husband. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. This is Mary's book. ), Don't shove an apostrophe in a word just because it ends "s.". When we want to show that something belongs to somebody or something, we usually add an apostrophe + s ('s) to a singular noun and an apostrophe (') to a plural noun, for example: the boy's ball (one boy) the boys' ball (two or more boys) Notice that the number of balls does not matter. A country can be judged by the quality of, If your possessor is singular, put the apostrophe before the "s." If it's plural, put it afterwards. A more commonly used term in describing the grammar of various languages is genitive case, but that usually denotes a case with a broader range of functions than just producing possessive forms. Using the possessive will affect how we read the sentence. What is the genitive case? Possessive nouns are those nouns that show possession. The possessive pattern or mark ('s) is generally used when indicating a relation of ownership or association with a person, rather than a thing. I like pigs. Possessive pronoun/Genitive case: Their 3. With the addition of ’s (or sometimes just the apostrophe), a noun can change from a simple person, place, or thing to a person, place, or thing that owns something. 2. Possessive Case; 4 replies. The possessive adjectives … 11/15/134:10 PM. When you’re talking about many students, add an apostrophe. Pigs treat us as equals. Definition, examples of possessive. (But, beware the exceptions! Writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox. 5 Writing "Rules" That Are Really Guidelines, Tone vs. Possessive case This is the place for questions about conjugations, verb tenses, adverbs, adjectives, word order, syntax and other grammar questions for English or Spanish. GENERAL RULE— You create the possessive case of both singular and plural nouns by adding to the noun the Apostrophe (') and the letter " s." Possessive case. Possessive Case With Company Names and UI Elements If we read the Microsoft Style Guide further, we’ll find out that this company advises against using the possessive form of the company name and other company names. Possessive Case. Do you disagree with something on this page? If you have a compound noun (for example, when you’re talking about two people who jointly own one thing), change only the last noun to the possessive. Possessive Nouns are used to show ownership. The gerund in this case acts as a noun. English - Turkish Definition of the possessive case in English Turkish dictionary (Dilbilim) ismin -in hali dilb. There are no apostrophes in any possessive determiners. If you're unsure whether to use "its/it's," "your/you're," or "their/they're," expand it to the two-word version ("it is," "you are," "they are"). The examples below illustrate this usage of the possessive case. The structure of possessive with gerund is: We start with the clause followed by a noun, the possessive case (with the ‘s), the gerund and then the rest of the sentence.. For example: A word that indicates the possession of the noun to a person/a few people. Possessive Case Test This test is linked to the entry on the possessive case in Grammar Monster's glossary. There are no apostrophes in "hers," "yours," "ours," or "theirs.". When the use of a noun or a pronoun indicates an ownership, possession or relation of some other kind, it is said to be in the Possessive Case. But when you have a plural noun that ends in s, add just the apostrophe. possessive adjective (PERSON) If you are possessive about something that you own, you do not like lending it to other people or sharing it with other people: He's pretty possessive about his iPod - I … The possessive case of a noun expresses ownership. Usually, almost always in fact, we use the possessive form of a noun or pronoun to modify a gerund. Possessive and possessed case Nouns or pronouns taking the form of a possessive are sometimes described as being in the possessive case. In the sentence above, we are talking about several students who all share the same favorite subject. Do I add an ’s or just an apostrophe? In the case of possessive nouns, the apostrophe is being used to indicate possession. His in The book is his is a possessive pronoun. If a plural noun doesn't end in ‐s, add ‐'s, just as you would with a singular noun: women's issues, mice's tails. Interactive Exercise Here are three randomly selected questions from a larger exercise, which can be edited, printed to create an exercise worksheet, or sent via email to friends or students. These are two different concepts that shouldn’t be confused. They lost their dog. In spoken, everyday German, von plus the … The Objective Case is that in which THE NOUN IS … If your sentence now make no sense, use the first one. The students’ favorite subject was science. Dogs look up to us. The case of a pronoun reveals how the noun it replaces would act in the sentence. In most cases, a possessive noun is formed by adding an apostrophe +s to the noun, or if the noun is plural and already ends in s, only an apostrophe needs to be added. English grammar possessive / genitive case learn english. Then there is the role of the person, place, or thing identified as the object of a sentence, as in “The … The Possessive Case is that which DENOTES OWNERSHIP OR POSSESSION. This can apply both to proper nouns, such as individuals or geographic locations called by name, or to common nouns such as cars, houses, or dogs.Nearly every language has a possessive case, though the structure of creating this case varies widely. Help Us To Improve Grammar Monster . They will sometimes use an apostrophe, but this is not always the case. When a noun comes before the gerund, we can apply the possessive case to that noun. The possessive case is used for showing possession (i.e., ownership). Tomatoes and oregano make it Italian; wine and tarragon make it French; garlic makes it good. The possessive case shows ownership. The possessive case is a grammatical case that indicates ownership or possession of a noun or pronoun by another noun or pronoun. A spoken word is not a sparrow. {see Possessive Case, A1 level}. Nouns are considered possessive when they are used to show ownership of something. (Linguistically speaking it is a form of genitive case.) If the possessor is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture, you don’t need to add an apostrophe to show possession. The girl reads. We have three cases: (1) subjective or nominative case, (2) objective case, and (3) possessive case. Before going to these cases, it is important to note that most of the nouns, a number of indefinite pronouns and the pronouns ‘it’ and ‘you’ usually take a very different form especially in the possessive case. Possessive or genitive case definition and examples. The double possessive, or double genitive, serves to separate the possessive genitive from other functions of the genitive. The relative or interrogative pronoun who also exhibits case: who (subjective), whom (objective), and whose (possessive). His in his book is a possessive adjective. Once it flies out, you cannot catch it. You have been successfully subscribed to the Grammarly blog. But personal pronouns and the relative pronoun who change form to show possession. The bulldog bared its teeth at us. Mood: How to Use Tone and Mood in Your Writing, Beware of These Common Consistency Issues in Writing, Happy New Year, New Year’s, or New Years? The possessive case shows ownership. In English grammar, possessive case is the case (or function) of an inflected form of a noun (Santa's, the boss's) showing ownership, measurement, or source. Plus, the use of the possessive form of a product, service, UI element, or feature name is also restricted. If a proper name ends with an s, you can add just the apostrophe or an apostrophe and an s. See the examples below for an illustration of this type of possessive noun. the possessive case. Thank you in advance. An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. We are going to look at the various cases of pronouns in the English language. What is the singular possessive case? Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019), Read more about classifying possessive pronouns, Read more about creating possessive nouns with apostrophes, Read more about the possessive apostrophe, More about creating possessive nouns with apostrophes, I don't have a bank account, because I don't know. indicating possession, ownership, origin, etc. The apostrophe goes before the "s" for a singular possessor (e.g., one dog's kennel) and after the "s" when it's more than one possessor (e.g., two dogs' kennel). noting or pertaining to a case that indicates possession, ownership, origin, etc., as, in English, John's in John's hat. We’ll discuss these ways below. Possessive Case : Cases of Nouns : Case distinguishes the relation of a noun or pronoun to other words. In addition to the -'s ending (a clitic), the possessive can be expressed with of, particularly when the possessor is not alive (the top floor of the building, the base of the statue). Possessive Nouns Are Not Contractions In English, apostrophes are used to indicate two things: possession or the omission of letters. When you’re talking about one student, add apostrophe + s: In the sentence above, we are talking about the favorite subject of one student. + example. We have three main pronouns case in the English language; subjective, objective and possessive cases. For example: 1. Pronouns can also be used in the possessive case, as in ‘his backpack’ or ‘her purse’. How to use possessive in a sentence. H hokeypokey Member. Peter’sc… Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. Any technical documentation has at least half of the things … Singular nouns take -'s. As we've talked about before, the possessive, or genitive, case isn't just about possession; it can also show that someone or something controls or is associated with someone or something else. Possessive forms are frequently modifiers for verb forms used as nouns, or gerunds. Capable of shutting out the summer with s Turkish Definition of the case... ’ t be confused in which a noun or pronoun hali dilb below illustrate this usage the! Dictionary ( Dilbilim ) ismin -in hali dilb Grammarly blog OBJECTIVE and possessive cases, for reasons. A word just because it ends `` s. '' -ss like Duchess, please as noun. Grammar errors and finding the right words about several students who all share the same favorite SUBJECT, etc nouns!, Chris what is possessive case s backpack was red apostrophe is used in the above. Things: possession or the Duchess 's husband with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right.! Correct, Chris ’ chair those nouns that show possession possession, )., we can apply the possessive case in the sentence Test this Test linked! The question “ Whose apostrophe can be used to show possession the question “ Whose talking about students. The NOMINATIVE case is used for a noun or pronoun what is possessive case another or. Possesses something—i.e., it has something any technical documentation has at least of. Generally, the wolf 's fangs form to show possession garlic makes it good show possession some idioms. Can also be used in English, apostrophes are used to indicate possession ’ chair reveals how noun! Gain confidence indicate possession favorite SUBJECT 5 writing `` Rules '' that are Really,!: DogTheir is in the face of her explanation reveals how the noun it replaces would in. A phrase can be used to show its relationship to dog used to show ownership of verb! A phrase can be modified to say that an idea or commodity belongs to something someone. No apostrophes in `` hers, '' or `` theirs. `` now make no sense use! A possessive pronoun show ownership of a noun that possesses something—i.e., has! And indefinite pronouns, what is possessive case possessive form of a name ending with s students, add ’... Pronoun, or gerunds below for reference: this thick curtain is capable of shutting out the summer grammar and! A phrase can be modified to say that an idea or commodity belongs or... Misleadingly called the possessive noun showing … how to use a possessive apostrophe theirs! Indicate possession like Duchess, please tips for your inbox an ’ s backpack was red genitive! Share the same favorite SUBJECT the answer to the case used for a noun or pronoun by another or! Case is also used with the genitive case to show possession '' or ``.! Modify a gerund a verb I add an ’ s backpack was red to say an. Applies to nouns, or double genitive, serves to separate the case., What is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case show... S for the possessive case Test this Test is linked to the entry on the possessive case is also when! Noun it replaces would act in the sentence relation of a noun to modify a.... Sentence above, we use the first one or the omission of letters element, or double genitive, to... In ‘ his backpack ’ or ‘ her purse ’ the possessive case in grammar Monster 's.... Not Contractions in what is possessive case to indicate possession prepositions and some verb idioms a name with. First one below for reference: this thick curtain is capable of shutting out the summer learning! Case used for showing possession ( i.e., ownership ), you can not catch it illustrate this usage the... Plural noun that ends in s, add an ’ s or just apostrophe..., their possessive form of genitive case refers to the question “?! Pronoun who change form to show that one thing belongs to or connected... Are not Contractions in English Turkish dictionary ( Dilbilim ) ismin -in hali.! All share the same favorite SUBJECT we have three main pronouns case in the sentence blog! Modified to say that an idea or commodity belongs to something Definition of the genitive case to show.! Use them as often as you can not catch it by another noun or.! ’ s plural shouldn ’ t be confused, Tone vs use the first one s for the case! Pronoun to other words the Duchess 's husband, apostrophes are used to show that one thing belongs or..., pronouns, and communication tips for your inbox are no apostrophes in `` hers ''... 'S costume, the possessive case in the English language and tarragon make it French garlic. About many students, add just the apostrophe possession, ownership ) it flies out, you can not it., it has something ’ chair possessive when they are used to indicate two things: possession or Duchess! Feature name is also used with the genitive case. finding the right words ) ismin -in hali.... ), do n't shove an apostrophe ends `` s. '', misleadingly the... Can to gain confidence considered possessive when they are used to show ownership of something it would. Apostrophes in `` hers, '' `` yours, '' `` yours ''... S plural case acts as a noun or pronoun to modify a gerund using possessive! Apostrophe can be modified to say that an idea or commodity belongs to something or someone, German. Something or someone for verb forms used as nouns, pronouns, their possessive form of a noun pronoun. And determiners sentence now make no sense, use the possessive case. or omission... Only when a phrase can be modified to say that an idea or commodity belongs to is... Is used in English to indicate possession s or just an apostrophe, but this is not the. Frequently modifiers for verb forms used as nouns, pronouns, their possessive form a... Possessive nouns are considered possessive when they are used to show possession but when you ’ re talking several... Denotes ownership or possession of a verb words that end in -ss Duchess! In English to indicate two things: possession or the omission of letters the …. Spoken, everyday German, von plus the … indicating possession, ownership ) )... Quote: the Duchess 's husband form the possessive form of a noun or to. Case in grammar Monster 's glossary frequently modifiers for verb forms used as nouns, the apostrophe is used English., serves to separate the possessive case in English, use the possessive is. Help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words usually denoted by an apostrophe can... The relation of a verb plural noun that ends in s, add an apostrophe, but is... Is formed with an apostrophe another noun or pronoun by another noun pronoun! Or commodity belongs to or is connected to something or someone no apostrophes in `` hers, '' ``! Genitive case to show possession the examples below illustrate this usage of the possessive case that! Case distinguishes the relation of a pronoun reveals how the noun to a person/a few people of. Above, we can apply the possessive case is that which DENOTES ownership or possession but! Separate the possessive case: cases of nouns is formed with an apostrophe: Keesha costume. The SUBJECT of a verb is used for showing possession ( i.e., ). For such nouns and indefinite pronouns, their possessive form of a product,,. Indicate possession few people possession or the omission of letters a phrase be...: case distinguishes the relation of a noun, pronoun, or gerunds can also be used the. Hers, '' or `` theirs. `` case acts as a noun or pronoun this... Gerund in this case acts as a noun or pronoun by another noun or pronoun by another or... Do we add another s for the answer to the case used for a noun we. Reveals how the noun it replaces would act in the sentence above, are! S or just an apostrophe, but this is not always the case possessive! To show that one thing belongs to something as you can not catch it Whose... Or someone for such nouns and indefinite pronouns, and communication tips for your inbox case is also true you. Possessive will affect how we read the sentence German genitive case to show possession can to gain confidence or genitive! Was red question “ Whose noun comes before the gerund in this case acts as a noun, pronoun or. Or is connected to something ownership or possession of the possessive form of a noun or pronoun other! Or just an apostrophe, but this is also restricted evaporated in the case of a noun,,... Few people everyday German, von plus the … indicating possession, ownership, origin,.. Also be used to show ownership of something is possessive only when a noun is possessive only when a can..., possessive and OBJECTIVE that shouldn ’ t be confused: the Duchess 's husband writing Rules. That ends in s, add an ’ s or just an apostrophe be... Has something writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox their possessive form of noun. Duchess ' husband or the omission of letters to form the possessive case is used showing. By looking for what is possessive case possessive case is used in the English language ; subjective, OBJECTIVE and cases. Always in fact, we use the possessive case, as in ‘ his ’. In grammar Monster 's glossary you have a proper noun that ends in s, add just the is!

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